Diabetes

Prevalence of diabetes mellitus (ages 18 years or older)

Individuals who purchased at least three prescriptions of diabetes medications or with laboratory tests which indicate diabetes (numerator), among Individuals aged 18 years or older (denominator)

Rational:

Diabetes is a complex group of diseases marked by high blood glucose (blood sugar), occurring due to the body’s inability to make or use insulin. Left unmanaged, diabetes can lead to serious complications, including heart disease, stroke, hypertension, blindness, kidney disease, diseases of the nervous system, amputations and premature death [1]. During 2012-2014 5.6% of mortality cases in Israel were attributable to diabetes, becoming the fourth most common cause of death [2]. Proper diabetes management is essential to control blood glucose, reduce risks for complications and prolong life [1]. The continuous efforts to balance between the prevention of long-term micro-and macro-vascular complications associated with uncontrolled diabetes, and the prevention of hypoglycemic events had let to customized target levels for HbA1c [3], also adopted in Israel [4].

Numerator:

Individuals in the denominator with diabetes according to one or more of the following criteria: (a) Plasma glucose level >200 mg% in at least two tests in the year prior to the measurement year (minimal 30-days interval is required between tests); (b) HbA1c>6.5% at least once in the year prior to the measurement year (c) at least three prescriptions of diabetes medications were dispensed during the year prior to the measurement year

Denominator

Individuals aged 18 years or older

Notes:

None

Notes:

[1] American Diabetes Association (ADA), “Standard of medical care in diabetes - 2017,” Diabetes Care, 40(sup 1):s4–s128, 2017.
[2] In Hebrew: Leading causes of death in Israel 2000-2014, Ministry of Health, March 2017. Available: https://www.health.gov.il/publicationsfiles/leading_causes_2014.pdf
[3] Fang, Hong-Juan et al. Effects of intensive glucose lowering in treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus on cardiovascular outcomes: A meta-analysis of data from 58,160 patients in 13 randomized controlled trials. International Journal of Cardiology, Volume 218 , 50 – 58.
[4] In Hebrew: Position (1-lowest, 4-highest) paper- יעדי מטרה לאיזון סוכרת 2016, ההסתדרות הרפואית בישראל, המכון לאיכות ברפואה. Available at: https://www.ima.org.il/userfiles/image/Ne60_diabetes.pdf

Results:
Prevalence of diabetes mellitus by year
Prevalence of diabetes mellitus by socio-economic position (1-lowest, 4-highest) and sex


National Program for Quality Indicators in Community Healthcare
התכנית הלאומית למדדי איכות לרפואת הקהילה בישראל